Business News Northern Ireland - 4 December 2023

Business News Northern Ireland – 4 December 2023

Welcome to our round up of the latest business news for our clients. Please contact us if you want to talk about how these updates affect your business. We are here to support you!

 

Changes to UK Company Law

The Economic Crime and Corporate Transparency Act received royal assent on 26 October 2023 and will introduce a number of changes over the next few years.

The act gives Companies House the power to play a more significant role in tackling economic crime and supporting economic growth. Over time, the measures will lead to improved transparency and more accurate and trusted information on Companies House registers.

Under the Act, there will be new responsibilities for:

  • all new and existing company directors;
  • people with significant control of a company (PSCs); and
  • anyone who files on behalf of a company.

The new legislation generally applies to all entities registered with Companies House, including:

  • private limited companies;
  • public limited companies (PLCs);
  • limited liability partnerships (LLPs);
  • limited partnerships (LPs);
  • community interest companies (CICs); and
  • overseas companies.

The legislation applies to companies and other entities registered in England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland and applies to anyone who files on behalf of clients, such as accountants and company formation agents.

If you are planning on starting a new company or another entity type, you will need to consider the changes and new responsibilities introduced by the act. For existing directors and companies, it is important to understand how these changes will affect you.

Some of the changes include:

  • Greater powers for Companies House to query information, stronger checks on company names, new rules for registered office addresses, and new lawful purpose statements;
  • Identity verification – Anyone setting up, running, owning, or controlling a company in the UK will need to verify their identity;
  • Transitioning towards filing accounts by software only, and changes to small company accounts filing options;
  • Increasing Companies House fees to take new future expenditure into account, as well as making sure costs are recovered from existing expenditure;
  • Protecting personal information – Individuals will be able to apply to suppress personal information from historical documents and apply to have personal information protected from public view because of risk of harm;
  • Changes for limited partnerships – these will need to file their information through authorised agents, and they will need to file more information with Companies House; and
  • More effective investigation and enforcement powers for Companies House, and new powers to share data with law enforcement agencies and other government departments.

See: Changes at a glance – Changes to UK company law Companies House changes

 

Travel Support for UK Businesses to Attend European Events

Innovate UK is offering travel support for businesses to attend consortia-building events in Europe.

The travel awards support businesses who want to expand their networks across Europe and make an impact in collaborative international research and development (R&D) projects.

The awards encourage UK participation, engagement, and visibility at international events and aim to accelerate UK involvement in European research programmes (including Horizon Europe and EUREKA).

To be eligible for support, you need to be a for-profit, UK-based, R&D performing SME according to the EU definition.

If successful in your application for travel and accommodation costs, you will receive proactive support from Innovate UK to help you maximise the benefit of attending.

Up to £700 is available to help cover travel and subsistence costs needed to attend the following events:

See: Travel support for UK businesses to attend European events – Apply now! – Innovate UK KTN (ktn-uk.org)

 

The Unified R&D Tax Credit Scheme

The UK government has announced reforms to its Research and Development (R&D) tax credit system. This transformation seeks to combine the Research and Development Expenditure Credit (RDEC) and the SME relief into a singular scheme, effective from accounting periods beginning on or after 1 April 2024.

The new “merged approach” intends to streamline the system by introducing a single set of qualifying rules. The merging of these two schemes may raise concerns about the scheme’s overall effectiveness compared to the older, higher-rate SME scheme. The new unified scheme’s impact on fostering R&D investment and innovation, especially for smaller enterprises, remains to be fully identified.

The key changes in the UK’s new unified R&D tax relief scheme include:

  • The introduction of a single set of qualifying rules, rather than separate rules for SME and RDEC claims.
  • The scheme allows companies making R&D decisions and bearing risks to claim relief for subcontracted R&D.
  • Subsidised expenditure rules from the SME scheme will not be carried forward to the new scheme, meaning external funding won’t reduce the available support.  Grant funded projects remain claimable, which is a welcome announcement.

The rate under the new scheme is set at the current RDEC rate of 20%. This credit will be subject to corporation tax.

See: Research & Development (R&D) tax relief reforms – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

 

Advisory Fuel Rate for Company Cars

The table below sets out the HMRC advisory fuel rates from 1 December 2023. These are the suggested reimbursement rates for employees’ private mileage using their company car.

Where the employer does not pay for any fuel for the company car, these are the amounts that can be reimbursed in respect of business journeys without the amount being taxable on the employee.

Engine Size Petrol Diesel LPG
1400cc or less 14p

(13p)

10p

 

1600cc or less 13p

(12p)

1401cc to 2000cc 16p

 

12p

 

1601 to 2000cc 15p

(14p)

Over 2000cc 26p

(25p)

20p

(19p)

18p

(19p)

Where there has been a change, the previous rate is shown in brackets.

You can also continue to use the previous rates for up to 1 month from the date the new rates apply.

Note that for hybrid cars you must use the petrol or diesel rate. For fully electric vehicles the rate is 9p (10p) per mile.

Please contact us if you need help in applying the new rates.

 

IP and Business Growth Survey

The Intellectual Property Office (IPO) is inviting businesses to share their views on how intellectual property (IP) helps them scale and grow.

In a modern global economy, innovation, creativity, design, and brand recognition are increasingly important to business success. All these elements are underpinned by IP rights, such as copyright, trademarks, patents, and designs.

The IPO wants to support businesses to manage their IP rights effectively. It is conducting a review of UK’s IP-backed finance ecosystem and IP insurance landscape. The new survey forms part of this review.

The survey covers a broad range of topics. Responses will help the IPO:

  • better understand how businesses may raise external finance – including leveraging their IP assets to secure funding;
  • explore awareness, perception and use of IP litigation insurance products among businesses; and
  • better understand how to support businesses most effectively in managing their IP assets.

The IPO wants to hear from businesses of all sizes, and from a wide range of sectors, which hold IP – whether an individual entrepreneur, start-up, established firm, or large corporate.

The survey closes on 2 February 2024.

See: IP and Business Growth Survey – Intellectual Property Office – Citizen Space

 

Latest HMRC Tax Webinars for the Self-Employed

Listed below are a number of live HMRC webinars that will give the self-employed an understanding of key taxes that affect them. The webinars are free and last around an hour.

New to Self-Assessment
Thu 7 Dec at 1:45pm
Mon 18 Dec at 11:45am

Capital expenditure and revenue repairs
Tue 9 Jan at 1:45pm

VAT – the basics and the VAT return
Tue 12 Dec at 9:45am

Finance costs and travel expenses
Wed 10 Jan at 11:45am

How to fill in your Self-Assessment tax return if you’re self-employed
Mon 11 Dec at 1:45pm
Wed 20 Dec at 9:45am

Cash basis and property income allowance
Thu 11 Jan at 9:45am

How to fill in your Self-Assessment tax return if you have UK property income
Thu 14 Dec at 1:45pm
Tue 19 Dec at 11:45am

VAT accounting schemes
Mon 18 Dec at 9:45am

Record keeping for the self-employed
Tue 5 Dec at 9:45am

Capital Allowances for the self-employed
Tue 5 Dec at 1:45pm

Residential property income for individuals – an introduction
Wed 6 Dec at 11:45am

Residential property income for individuals – expenses, and deductions
Thu 7 Dec at 11:45am

How to apply the VAT reverse charge for construction services
Tue 12 Dec at 1:45pm

Car expenses for the self-employed
Wed 13 Dec at 9:45am

Capital allowances and vehicles
Wed 13 Dec at 11:45am

Business expenses for the self-employed
Thu 14 Dec at 11:45am

How to finish your Self-Assessment tax return, your tax calculation and payments
Tue 19 Dec at 1:45pm
Wed 20 Dec at 1:45pm

VAT: using the Flat Rate Scheme
Tue 19 Dec at 3:45pm

Company directors – payroll and you
Mon 5 Feb at 11:45am

 

New Funding for Space Technology Projects

The UK Space Agency has announced 23 projects that could help the UK with new space technologies and applications around the world.

The Enabling Technologies Programme (ETP) provides opportunities for the UK space sector to accelerate the development of leading-edge technologies that could be used to tackle global problems and benefit the work of space organisations internationally.

The total government funding is £4 million – made up of £3.2 million from the UK Space Agency with £800,000 contributed by the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), part of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI).

The projects from academia and industry explore how space can be used more efficiently for purposes such as weather prediction, climate-change monitoring, and space debris removal through methods of propulsion, sterilisation, in-orbit servicing, imaging, and more.

See: New UK funding for space technology projects – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

 

UK and South Korea Launch Talks on New Trade Deal

The UK and South Korea have entered talks on a modernised trade deal to boost trade and strengthen their relationship.

It comes as Korean businesses commit £21 billion of investment into the UK, backing renewable energy and infrastructure projects across the country and supporting more than 1,500 highly skilled jobs.

South Korea is the 13th largest economy in the world and its import demand is set to grow rapidly. With around 45 million middle class consumers and an import market expected to grow by 45% by 2035, it presents massive opportunities for UK companies.

The UK and South Korea are both major modern economies with big digital sectors and the current trade deal, negotiated more than a decade ago, doesn’t include digital chapters that reflect the modern economy.

With nearly 80% of UK services exports to Korea delivered digitally in 2021, securing modern digital provisions could unlock big opportunities for UK businesses.

The UK’s trade with South Korea has more than doubled in current prices since our existing trade deal was agreed in 2011. An upgraded trade deal is expected to boost our £16 billion annual trading relationship with South Korea, supporting jobs and livelihoods up and down the UK.

See: UK and South Korea to launch talks on new trade deal as Korean businesses back Britain with £21 billion of investment  – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

 

Changes to Data Protection Laws – The Data Protection and Digital Information Bill

A raft of changes to the Data Protection rules have been laid before Parliament in the Digital Information Bill which aims to build an innovative data protection regime in the UK.

The changes include new powers to require data from third parties, particularly banks and financial organisations, to help the UK government reduce fraud and save the taxpayer up to £600 million over the next five years. Currently, Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) can only undertake fraud checks on a claimant on an individual basis, where there is already a suspicion of fraud.

The new proposals would allow regular checks to be carried out on the bank accounts held by benefit claimants to spot increases in their savings which push them over the benefit eligibility threshold, or when people spend more time overseas than the benefit rules allow for. This will help to identify fraud and take action more quickly. To make sure that privacy concerns are at the heart of these new measures, only a minimum amount of data will be accessed and only in instances which show a potential risk of fraud and error.

Another measure offers vital reassurance and support to families as they grieve the loss of a child. In cases where a child has died through suicide, a proposed ‘data preservation process’ would require social media companies to keep any relevant personal data which could then be used in subsequent investigations or inquests.

Current rules mean that social media companies aren’t obliged to hold onto this data for longer than is needed, meaning that data which could prove vital to coroner investigations could be deleted as part of a platform’s routine maintenance. The change tabled before Parliament represents an important step for families coming to terms with the loss of a loved one and takes further steps to help ensure harmful content has no place online.

The use of biometric data, such as fingerprints, to strengthen national security is also covered by the amendments, with the ability of Counter Terrorism Police to hold onto the biometrics of individuals who pose a potential threat, and which are supplied by organisations such as Interpol, being bolstered.

This would see officers being able to retain biometric data for as long as an INTERPOL notice is in force, matching this process up with INTERPOL’s own retention rules. The amendments will also ensure that where an individual has a foreign conviction, their biometrics will be able to be retained indefinitely in the same way as is already possible for individuals with UK convictions – this is particularly important where foreign nationals may have existing convictions for serious offences, including terrorist offences.

See: Changes to data protection laws to unlock post-Brexit opportunity – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

 

Made in the UK, Sold to the World Awards 2024

The annual Made in the UK, Sold to the World awards recognises and celebrates the global trading success of SMEs from across the UK.

The Department for Business and Trade’s (DBT’s) 2024 Made in the UK, Sold to the World awards are now open for entries.

There are ten categories of awards to enter:

  • Agriculture, Food & Drink;
  • Consultancy & Professional Services;
  • Creative Industries;
  • Education & EdTech;
  • Financial Services & FinTech;
  • Healthcare;
  • Infrastructure & Engineering;
  • Low Carbon Energy;
  • Manufacturing, Advanced Manufacturing & Construction; and
  • Retail & Consumer Goods.

There will be one winner from each category and up to three highly commended businesses.

Winners will receive a 2024 winner’s trophy, certificate, and digital badge, as well as a year’s free business membership to the Institute of Export and International Trade (IoEIT). Your business will also receive tailored promotion across Department for Business and Trade channels.

Highly commended businesses will receive a certificate, digital badge and a year’s free business membership to the Institute of Export and International Trade.

If you have a story to tell about how your business is successfully selling its products or services to the world, DBT want to hear from you. Entries for the 2024 awards will close Sunday 14 January 2024.

See: Awards now open for entries – great.gov.uk

 

UK Government Funding for Jobs in AI Sector

Up to £17 million in government funding will create more scholarships for AI and data science conversion courses, helping young people from groups underrepresented in the tech industry including women, black people, people with disabilities, and people from disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds join the UK’s world-leading Artificial Intelligence (AI) industry.

The government is encouraging companies to play their part in creating a future pipeline of AI talent by co-funding the AI scholarships for the conversion courses. Industry support for these scholarships will help get more people into the AI and data science job market quicker and strengthen UK businesses.

Together, government and industry funding will create two thousand scholarships for masters AI and data science conversion courses, each worth £10,000. The programme is enabling graduates to do further study courses in the field even if their undergraduate course is not directly related, creating a new generation of experts in data science and AI.

Courses are open to anyone who meets a participating university’s entry requirements. Details of how to apply are available on the universities’ websites. Eligible applicants can apply for a scholarship through their university. Please visit the Office for Student’s website for more information.

The UK is ranked third in the world for private venture capital investment into AI companies (2019 investment into the UK reached almost £2.5 billion) and is home to a third of Europe’s total AI companies.

The new scholarships will ensure more people can build careers in AI, create, and develop new and bigger businesses, and will improve the diversity of this growing and innovative sector.

See: £17 million to boost skills and diversity in AI jobs – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

 

Cyber Crime Centre Warns of Digital Skimming

Digital skimming attacks are rising with significant risks to e-commerce businesses and their customers.

In the run-up to the festive season, many organisations across Northern Ireland will be preparing for a seasonal increase in online sales to customers based both at home and abroad. As part of this preparation, the Police Service of Northern Ireland’s Cyber Crime Centre would encourage all online retailers to consider the risks posed by digital skimming.

Digital skimming is the action of stealing credit card information or payment card data from customers of an online store. The transaction data is intercepted during the online purchase checkout process, without customers noticing anything unusual.

Whether through vulnerabilities, configuration errors or brute force, as experienced recently by a number of organisations in Northern Ireland, criminals can gain access to online stores with the aim of using malware to capture customer data.

Affected customers are often unaware that their card was copied (skimmed) and such attacks can go undetected for a long time. They pose significant risks to the business, not least reputational damage, with customers questioning the safety of the service.

How can you protect against digital skimming?

Don’t make it easy for cyber criminals to exploit your systems. You can:

  • use malware monitors with web skimming capabilities;
  • set strong password policies and training for staff;
  • carry out regular vulnerability audits of your e-commerce website;
  • limit access to your store’s control panel; and
  • regularly patch and update your security software.

If you experience an attack, the PSNI recommends the following steps:

  • in case of malware infection, change all admin and database passwords immediately;
  • use a malware scanner to find any backdoors the attackers may have installed;
  • collect all available evidence and report the attack to Action Fraud; and
  • in case of a personal data breach, comply with the applicable data protection legislation.

See: Digital Skimming | Europol (europa.eu)

 

Changes for Goods Moving From the Island of Ireland to Great Britain 

In August 2023, the government ​​published the final version of the Border Target Operating Model which confirmed that from 31‌‌‌ ‌‌January 2024, some goods will face full customs controls when moved directly from Irish ports to Great Britain.

Goods will need to complete import processes if they are being imported directly from Ireland into Great Britain (​​not moving from or through Northern Ireland).

Goods moving from Northern Ireland to Great Britain through Irish ports will also have to complete import processes if they are:

  • non-qualifying Northern Ireland goods;
  • excise goods (alcohol, tobacco, and energy products); or
  • goods which do not move directly to an Irish port once they have left Northern Ireland, for example, goods which are held in storage in Ireland.

For these goods you will have to follow the import requirements set out in the Border Target Operating Model.

When moving these goods, most traders will need to make import customs declarations at the point of import and will no longer be able to delay making declarations. Ports will be required to control these goods moving from Ireland to Great Britain, meaning that unless they have received customs clearance they will not be released from the port.

 

What You Need to Do to Prepare to Move Goods From 31‌‌‌‌‌‌ ‌‌January 2024

You will need to ensure you, or anyone who moves goods on your behalf, are familiar with the new process from 31‌‌‌ ‌‌January 2024:

  • If you are moving qualifying Northern Ireland goods, you should confirm this to your haulier and/or carrier. You can find out more about qualifying Northern Ireland goods on GOV.‌‌‌‌UK.
  • You need to register for a GB Economic Operators Registration and Identification (EORI) number if you do not already have one.
  • As import declarations will need to be made through the Customs Declaration Service (CDS), you or your representative will also need access to the CDS.
  • To make import declarations in your own records (entry in declarants records (EIDR)) you will need to apply for authorisation to use simplified declarations for imports if not already authorised.
  • If your goods are being moved from Ireland through roll-on, roll-off (ro-ro) ports in Great Britain, you will need to make your customs declarations before the goods depart from Ireland, and you will need to follow Goods Vehicle Movement Service (GVMS) processes.
  • If hauliers are moving goods on your behalf, they will need to register for GVMS if they haven’t already done so, and you will need to provide the Movement Reference Number (MRN) from your declarations to the person moving your goods, in order for them to be able to generate a Goods Movement Reference (GMR). Hauliers will need to provide a GMR for all lorries and trailers moving directly from Ireland.
  • At inventory-linked ports or other locations, the haulier or the intermediary that is moving the goods on your behalf will need to follow standard processes to ensure your goods are presented to customs, declared, and cleared before they can be released to free circulation in Great Britain.
  • Businesses making a full import declaration or simplified frontier declaration on the CDS for goods moving from Ireland to Great Britain (including for excise goods) will no longer be required to ​’​arrive’ at their declaration by the end of the next working day after arriving in Great Britain. For goods being entered into excise duty suspense, the entry onto the Excise Movement and Control Systems (EMCS) must be made by the time they arrive in Great Britain.
  • If you are moving goods from Northern Ireland to Great Britain via Ireland​, including qualifying Northern Ireland goods,​ you will need to comply with some Irish customs requirements to exit through a port in Ireland, and will need to check Irish customs guidance.

 

More Information on Qualifying Northern Ireland Goods

The Border Target Operating Model confirmed that import declarations will not be needed for qualifying Northern Ireland goods moving directly from Northern Ireland or indirectly through Ireland to Great Britain, in line with the government’s commitment to unfettered access. There are some very limited exceptions where import declarations are required, such as an ongoing requirement to provide these for excise goods​ when moving qualifying Northern Ireland goods through Ireland to Great Britain​, and these will be set out in guidance shortly.

When moving qualifying Northern Ireland goods​​​ through Ireland to Great Britain​ for which import declarations are not required through ro-ro ports, hauliers will still need to complete a GMR. They should indicate they are moving such goods on their GMR. Hauliers and drivers will need to provide commercial evidence if asked to confirm that their goods are qualifying Northern Ireland ​​goods for example, a dispatch notice, an invoice, or a consignment note. They will also need access to a travel document issued in the UK, setting out the destination of the goods, to show that the goods have merely passed through Ireland.

At inventory linked ports or other locations, similar processes will be used to allow these qualifying Northern Ireland goods to be released from inventories or local systems without requiring electronic declarations.

For general enquiries see: Imports and exports: general enquiries – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

 

Support Measures Announced for Businesses Impacted By Floods

A number of support measures have been announced to help businesses in Northern Ireland impacted by recent flooding.

The Northern Ireland Civil Service has released information on the support measures that will be available to businesses impacted by recent floods.

The support measures include rates relief for flooded business premises and one-off grant payments of £7,500 for affected businesses.

It is estimated that up to 200 businesses will be eligible for the £7,500 grant support, to assist with the immediate response, clean-up costs, and to make properties more resilient to future floods. The grants will be administered by the local council areas affected.

See: Support measures announced for businesses impacted by floods (nibusinessinfo.co.uk)

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