corporation tax rates for startups

What are the Corporation Tax Rates for Startups?

Corporation tax rates for startups, a tax levied on a company’s profits, are a significant consideration for startups looking to grow and thrive. In this guide, we will explore the current rates and provide practical guidance on how to calculate your Corporation Tax returns. In case you’re just starting or looking to scale your business, this discussion aims to provide you with knowledge and confidence. This will help to tackle Corporation Tax with ease.



What Are the Corporation Tax Rates for Startups?

The UK Corporation Tax rate has recently changed. Previously, a flat rate of 19% was paid by all companies. As of April 2023, the flat rate was removed, making Corporation Tax more complex.

  1. Small Profits Rate: Companies earning £50,000 or less annually still pay 19%.
  2. Main Rate: Companies earning more than £250,000 are charged at a rate of 25%.
  3. Marginal Relief: Companies earning between £50,000 and £250,000 pay a tapered rate and may be entitled to Marginal Relief.

The UK Government offers several tax reliefs and allowances that benefit start-ups, including:

  1. Research and Development (R&D) Tax Credits: For companies engaged in qualifying innovative R&D projects.
  2. Capital Allowances: For deducting the cost of assets from taxable profits.
  3. Patent Box: For companies with qualifying patents pay a lower rate of Corporation Tax on profits from patented inventions.

Understanding Corporation Tax is crucial for start-ups. By registering promptly, and staying informed about rates and deadlines. Taking advantage of reliefs and allowances, you can set a solid financial foundation for your business. If you need further advice, consider consulting a tax professional or accountant.


What is the Tax Relief for Startups?

R&D Tax Credits are a valuable relief for start-ups engaged in innovative projects. If your company is developing new products, processes, or software, you may be eligible for:

  1. SME Scheme: Claim up to 33% of eligible R&D expenditure back as a tax credit
  2. R&D Expenditure Credit: Claim a 13% tax credit for large companies


Enterprise Investment Scheme and Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme

EIS and SEIS offer tax relief to investors in start-ups, encouraging investment in early-stage companies:

  1. EIS: Investors can claim up to 30% tax relief on investments up to £1 million
  2. SEIS: Investors can claim up to 50% tax relief on investments up to £100,000


Patent Box

The Patent Box scheme offers a lower Corporation Tax rate on profits from patented inventions:

  1. Eligibility: Companies with qualifying patents can apply
  2. Benefits: Reduced Corporation Tax liability


Capital Allowances

Capital Allowances enable start-ups to deduct the cost of assets from taxable profits:

  1. Annual Investment Allowance (AIA): Claim up to 100% relief on qualifying expenditure
  2. Writing Down Allowances: Claim a percentage of the asset’s value each year


Creative Industry Tax Reliefs

Start-ups in the creative sector can benefit from:

  1. Film Tax Relief: Up to 25% of qualifying expenditure
  2. Television Tax Relief: Up to 25% of qualifying expenditure
  3. Animation Tax Relief: Up to 25% of qualifying expenditure
  4. Video Games Tax Relief: Up to 25% of qualifying expenditure

These tax reliefs can significantly reduce your start-up’s tax liability, allowing you to reinvest funds in growth and development.


What are the Corporation Tax Exemptions?

As a startup founder, understanding Corporation Tax exemptions can help you navigate the complex world of taxation. In the UK, certain startups are exempt from paying Corporation Tax, providing a welcome relief during the early stages of business development.


Trading Allowance

The Trading Allowance is a tax exemption for startups with low trading profits:

  1. Eligibility: Sole traders or partnerships with trading profits below £1,000
  2. Exemption: No Corporation Tax liability on trading profits up to £1,000


Dormant Company Exemption

Dormant companies, which are not actively trading, are exempt from Corporation Tax:

  1. Eligibility: Companies with no trading activity or income
  2. Exemption: No Corporation Tax liability as long as the company remains dormant


Creative Industry Tax Exemptions

Startups in the creative sector may be eligible for tax exemptions:

  1. Film, Television, and Animation: Exemptions for qualifying productions
  2. Video Games: Exemptions for qualifying games development

Additional exemptions apply to specific types of startups:

  1. Charitable Organisations: Exempt from Corporation Tax on charitable income
  2. Community Amateur Sports Clubs: Exempt from Corporation Tax on qualifying income


Keeping Records

Even if your startup is exempt from Corporation Tax, it’s essential to maintain accurate records:

  1. Keep accounting records: Accurately record income, expenses, and other financial transactions
  2. File annual accounts: Submit annual accounts to Companies House, even if exempt from Corporation Tax


The Bottom Line

In conclusion, Corporation Tax rates for startups in the UK are a vital aspect of financial planning and growth. By leveraging the Small Profits Rate, Marginal Relief, and various tax reliefs, startups can reduce their Corporation Tax liability. This will allow reinvesting funds into their business. Moreover, accurate calculation and filing of Corporation Tax returns are crucial.

This is to avoid penalties and ensure compliance with HMRC regulations. As your startup grows and evolves, staying informed about changing tax rates and regulations will be essential to maintaining a healthy financial foundation.


Are you looking for professional tech-savvy tax advisors and accountants in the UK to guide you? Contact us now!


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