research and development tax credits

Research and Development tax credits for small and medium-sized enterprises

If you want to transform your business, research and development tax credits are here to fuel up your business growth by rewarding you for research and innovation.

Read on to explore how R&D tax credit can transform your business.


What are Research and Development Tax Credits?

R & D tax credit is the government initiative to incentivise UK companies for accelerating their investment in scientific or technological innovation.

These credits are a great source of cash for businesses to scale up their research and development activities for their business growth.


How do R&D tax credits work?

Businesses that are involved in developing new products, services or processes or improving existing ones may qualify for R&D tax credits.

If you’re investing money in research and development, you can claim R&D tax credits and get it in the form of cash or corporation tax reduction.

R&D tax credits have a broad scope, covering almost all sectors.

If you’re availing this relief for the first time, you can claim it for the last two accounting periods on which you’ve invested in R&D.


Want to minimise your tax burden? Contact our tax specialist right away!


Eligibility for R&D tax Credits

To be eligible for R&D tax credits, you need to be:

r&d tax credits

  • A limited company paying corporation tax in the UK
  • Carrying out qualifying R&D activities
  • Spending money on R&D projects

For further details on R&D, visit the HMRC website.

Whether you deal with chemical, agriculture, engineering, construction or digital industry, you can qualify for R&D tax credits if you’re performing research and development activities in any sector.


What comes under R&D?

The UK government has proposed broad criteria for R&D.

No matter whatever your business size is or whatever sector you deal with, if you are advancing to resolve scientific or technological uncertainties that can’t be easily carried out by a professional in the field, it’d be considered qualifying activity.

It includes:

  • the creation of new products, processes or services
  • Improving or upgrading an existing product, process or service

You can get more information on the government website to know whether you fall within the above criteria or not.


Get in touch with our qualified accountants to work out your R&D tax credit!


The cost that Qualifies for R&D

The cost that qualifies for research and development tax credits includes:

  • Staff salaries, employer’s NIC, pension contribution and reimbursed expenses
  • Freelancers and subcontractors
  • Things and consumables used for R&D like light, heat and power, etc
  • Software used for the R&D process
  • Money spend on clinical trials


Types of R&D Tax Credits

As per your business size and other factors like whether you have taken a subcontracted project or not. There are two types of R&D:

1- Small and Medium Size (SME) R&D

If you fall within SME, you can claim SME R&D if you have:

  • Less than 500 employees
  • A turnover below €100 million or a balance sheet under €86 million

You may also include linked companies and partnerships after knowing that you fall under SME.

With SME R&D tax relief, you can:

  • Deduct an extra 130% of your qualifying cost from the annual profit, plus a 100% normal deduction making a total of 230% reduction
  • Claim for a tax credit (14.5% of the surrenderable loss) in case your business is making a loss

2- R&D for Large Companies

You’d classed as a large company if you have:

  • More than 500 employees
  • A turnover over €100 million or a balance sheet above €86 million

Large companies need to claim a Research and Development Expenditure Credit (RDEC) for working on R&D projects.

In addition, a company that has been subcontracted to do R&D work by large companies also need to claim RDEC.

Currently, this tax credit is up to 13%.


Quick Sum Up

To sum up, we have discussed the basics of Research and development tax credit.

If you’re looking to receive millions of pounds for reinvesting in your business, Accotax has a team of chartered accountants who can help you to get the maximum value with the help of R&D tax credits and other grant funding.


Reach out to our tax specialist for claiming a robust R&D tax credit claim covering your R&D cost as per the HMRC standards.

Tell us more about your business for tailored accounting and taxations services.

Get an instant quote now! 


Disclaimer: This blog is written for the general understanding on R&D tax credits.

Request A Callback

Call Now