interest on balance sheet

Non-Controlling Interest On Balance Sheet

Minority Interest – A Portion Of A Subsidiary Corporation’s Stock which is generally less than 50% Of Outstanding Shares.  Investors or business entities other than the parent company are the prominent examples of Non-Controlling Interests.

Criteria Of Non-Controlling Interest

How To Define Non-Controlling Interest?

The term speaks for itself that it is something in the business world as minority and non-controlling, incapable of decision making. Lets’s look into the formal way of defining Non controlling interest. It is when an investor, shareholder, or a business entity other than the parent company holds less than 50% of the company’s shares and does not have the authority to make business decisions.

In a corporation where the equity stake gives no authority to investors to influence and intervene in how the company carries out the business. A proportion of Voting decides either the investor has NCI or not.


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Let’s delve deep to gather further information about what this post will unfold for you.

Non-Controlling Interest On Balance Sheet

  • Criteria Of Non-Controlling Interest
  •  Types Of NCI
  • Accounting Treatment And NCI


Criteria Of Non Controlling Interest:

Partial Ownership like investors or business entities other than the parent company when having less than 50% shares, makes them non-controlling. In simple words, we can say that they don’t have the authority to make decisions.

In some cases, when the threshold is low and even only 49% of the shares are owned by a shareholder. However, it controls the board of directors and hence making decisions as well. Usually, shareholders are classified as non controlling interests. This mostly for publicly traded companies. To push for a seat on the board, the shareholder has to have 5 percent to 10 percent of a company’s total shares.


Types Of NCI:

There are commonly two types that are popularly known with NCI and they are listed below as:

  1. Direct NCI
  2. Indirect NCI

1. Direct NCI:

It is a proportionate allocation of pre and post-acquisition amounts and is recorded equity of a subsidiary.

2. Indirect NCI:

When the proportionate share is only the subsidiary’s post-acquisition equity, we call it indirect Non-controlling Interest.

Now the question that arises here is how to calculate the share of equity? Let’s delve deep to have a better understanding of this.


Our Experts at Accotax provide convincing answers to the most frequently asked questions about Non-controlling interests.


Calculate The Share Of Equity:

In the process of calculating NCI, Non-controlling Interest is calculated on consolidated equity, not recorded equity.  Whether you intend to calculate Direct NCI or Indirect NCI share of equity, there must be adjustments to exclude any unrealized losses and profits due to the transactions made in the group.

Investors find it appreciative when they see the factor of transparency related to non-controlling interest. This will help them with a good understanding of the group’s financial position and how it possibly can be affected by NCI. It also includes expected risks faced by the group, cash flow, and financial results. This will be advantageous in the consent to form an opinion by the investors about the effects of NCI in the financial statement.


Accounting Treatment And NCI:

The consolidated method of accounting is highly appreciated and suggested by the professionals and commonly implemented by the parent company who has the controlling interest. With the financial statement, income and assets from the subsidiary are combined completely. It doesn’t matter how much percentage of ownership of the subsidiary equity is coming under the parent company.

On the balance sheet and income statement, the NCI portion is separated by the company to keep the record of value that is owned by the shareholders. in a case where the company has less than 50% of the shares, it is appreciated to implement a cost method or equity method. Out of these two methods, none reports NCI.



We hope the main concept covered in this guide turns out to be fruitful for beginners to understand how to define NCI along with the types and calculation methods. If you intend to seek further information that can answer more of your relevant queries.


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